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The Holy Bible


A non-denominational, nonsectarian work-in-progress; a chronological history of the book that is the world’s most widely printed and published work; the focus here is historical, with no attempt to judge theological superiority of one version over another;

Topics covered include:

-unique & significant editions

-historical milestones

-Bible Societies

-Bibliography

 

 

Pre-15th Century      15th Century        16th Century       17th Century

 

   18th Century       19th Century        20th Century       21st Century

 

The Holy Bible

 

·      comprised of sixty-six books, not counting the Apocrypha

·      The word bible was first applied to the Hebrew scripture in the 2nd Century A.D.

·      The word bible has been used for the combined Old and New Testaments since the fifth century A.D.

·      The word bible does not occur in the text of the Scriptures

·       A Codex is a leaf book invented and used first by the Romans, as distinguished from a roll or scroll

·      The Books of Moses are also known as the Pentatuech, or the Law, regarded as authoritative about 400 B.C.

·       By 200 A.D. The New Testament was generally accepted as scripture

·      In 367 A.D. Athanasius, Bishop of Alexandria, listed the twenty-seven books which have been held as authoritative to this day

·      The Apocrypha's fourteen books have not been included in the Protestant Bible since the Nineteenth Century

·      The Old Testament was first written down in Hebrew and Aramaic; The New Testament in Greek

·       The Old Testament’s 39 books are divided into 929 chapters of 23,214 verses (Apocrypha not included)

·       The New Testament’s 27 books are divided into 260 chapters of 7,959 verses

·       The Bible was divided into chapters by Cardinal Hugo de Sancto-Caro about 1250

·       The Greek New Testament was divided into verses by Robert Stephens, a French printer, in 1551

·       Up to the end of 1961 the American Bible Society had distributed over 592,000,000 copies of the scriptures

·       Robert Aitken of Philadelphia printed the first English Bible in America in 1782 with the approval of the Congress

·       Christopher Sauer of Germantown, Pa., printed the first Bible in America in a European language (German) in 1743

·       Glossing or a gloss refers to a literal word-by-word rendering into a second language, preserving the order of the first.

·       The first Bible in America was printed in 1663 – a translation into the Massachusetts Indian language by John Eliot

 This website was originally conceived to celebrate the 550th anniversary of the printing of the 42-line Vulgate Bible by Johannes Gutenberg, the inventor of movable type. The November 18, 1950 edition of the Antiquarian Bookman Magazine reported that by the end of 1950 (the 500th anniversary of Gutenberg's invention), over two billion Bibles and parts of bibles will have been printed, with 25 million more being added each year. At this rate, the total number of bibles printed by the year 2008 will exceed four billion copies, in thousands of languages and editions. This makes the Bible the first and undisputed best-seller of all time and no other book is likely to take its place.

Learn more about the Gutenberg Bible census.

 

Bibliography

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Adomeit, Ruth Elizabeth.  Three Centuries of Thumb Bibles: A Checklist. (NY & London) Garland Pub. Co. 1980.

“All Scripture is Inspired of God and Beneficial” (Brooklyn) Watchtower Bible and Tract Society of NY. 1990.

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Antiquarian Bookman. Gutenberg Bible Census and Bible History. 1950.

Astruc, Jean. Conjectures sur les memoires originaux; (1753)

Athearn, Laura Armstrong. Your Bible. The Graded Press, 1949. Paperback, 112 p.

Barnstone, Willis (ed.).  The Other Bible. (NY) Harper & Row, 1984, First Edition. 740 p., including bibliography.

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Buck, Charles. A Theological Dictionary. (Philadelphia) Joseph J. Woodward. 1829.

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Copinger, Walter A. Incunabula Biblica. (London) Bernard Quaritch, 1892.

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Darlow, T.H. and Moule, H.E.   Historical Catalogue of the Printed Editions of Holy Scripture in the Library of the British and Foreign Bible Society. (London) 1903-11, BFBS.  Reprinted in four-volume set by Maurizio Martino.

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Grierson, Sir Herbert.  The English Bible. (London) Collins, 1947.  Third Impression

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Hain, L. Repertorium Bibliographicum. Stuttgart, 1826-38.  4 Vols.

Hamilton-Hoare, Henry W.  The Evolution of the English Bible…Cornell University Library, 2009. a reprint.

Handover, P.M. Printing In London: From Caxton to Modern Times (Cambridge) Harvard University Press, 1960. 1st Ed.

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Herbert, A.S.  Historical Catalogue of Printed Editions of the English Bible, 1525-1961.  (London) BFBS. 1968.

Hertz, Dr. J.H. (ed.). The Pentateuch and Haftorahs (London) Soncino Press. 5718-1958. One-Vol. Ed. 17th Imp.

Hervey, G. Winfred. The Story of Baptist Missions in Foreign Lands. (St Louis) Chancy R. Barns, 1886.

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Larson, Charles M. By His Own Hand Upon Papyrus: (Grand Rapids) Institute For Religious Research, 1992, Rev. Ed.

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Lewis, Frank Grant. How The Bible Grew. (Chicago) Univ. of Chicago Press, 1919. Second Impression.

MacGregor, Geddes. The Bible in the Making. (London) John Murray. 1961, First UK Edition.

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